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tv   Journal  PBS  February 18, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm PST

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complex this is your world news live from dw in berlin. >> great to have you with us. our headlines at this hour -- ukrainian troops withdraw from a key town leaving and in the control of pro-russian separatists. >> the greek government says it will ask her more time to pay back its loans but what about its promises to cut spending equity >> and david versus goliath -- schalke faces real madrid in the knockout round of the champions league. confirmation of one of ukraine's biggest defeats and most humiliating. >> after weeks of writing for
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the key eastern town, thousands of key of's troops found themselves surrounded and trapped by russian-backed separatist's. >> and they were given their marching orders today forced to evacuate from the eastern city. have been taken prisoner. >> first, here's how the day unraveled. >> the ukrainian retreat continues unabated as tanks, trucks, and troops stream northwest. government troops are tired and there are many wounded, but many are believed to have come out alive. >> the other side has very good strong artillery. we prayed and thought we would i hundreds of times -- thought we would die hundreds of times. >> there are no words to describe it. they blanketed us with shots the whole way. wherever there was cover, they
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fired at us with machine guns and renee launchers. >> the fall is a serious set that for ukraine. petro poroshenko visited troops at the front. before leaving the area, the ukrainian president insisted that the retreat was orderly and did not constitute a surrender. >> this morning, ukrainian armed forces with the national guard completed a planned and organized retreat. 80% of troops have left already. we are waiting for two further units to leave. >> pro-russian separatists confirm they are holding 300 ukrainian soliers prisoner in the strategic town. the separatist flag now flies. separatists say their operation to seize the town does not violate the minsk agreements. rebels say the town was always part of their territory and that the cease-fire can now begin.
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>> as promised, marcus is in moscow for us. is there reason to believe that the cease-fire will now take hold? does kiev think the fighting is over? >> not the people we are talking to thinking that way. the opposite is the case. many believe there is more hunger amongst the rebels for more territory. they control about what he percent of the donetsk and luhansk region at the moment, a territory that is obviously not economically sustainable at the end of the day -- they control about 40%. we've also heard rumors that preparations to head to mario: the south -- preparations to head to mariaopol. rumors and nothing more, but people in kiev and other eastern towns are convinced this will not stop at this point. >> from what you are hearing
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it's far from over. leaders of russia, germany and rants are discussing these developments -- leaders of russia germany and france are discussing these developments. what is vladimir putin bringing to the table? >> there is no military solution . that's what vladimir putin told reporters on a news conference yesterday where he was for an official visit, but when you look at what is going on in ukraine, the opposite seems to be true. i'm afraid putin will come up with nothing new in these talks. furthermore, reporters were told earlier that the talks will only be about how to settle eventually, and we should not expect too much of a breakthrough towards a cease-fire or peace process. >> let's talk more about
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politics. can poroshenko survive this as president? is he being blamed for the military defeat today? >> first of all, the military is blamed, military command especially. the so-called volunteer battalions. their leaders are saying there is a lot of incompetence amongst the ukrainian army command, and at the end of the day, the president of this country is the commander-in-chief. he's not only holding the political responsibility but also the military responsibility. i think the coming days are crucial for president poroshenko this week. kiev will remember the revolution a year ago here and many people from all over the country will pour into the city, and then we will finally know where poroshenko stands at this point. >> that said, critics have said all along that the kremlin's goal is to destabilize ukraine
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including weakening the president. briefly, is putin the winner of the day? >> in the short run i would say yes. he seems to be in favor of a peaceful solution to this conflict as long as it allows him to reach his goals. many say his goals are to destabilize ukraine, to bring about a downfall of the new kiev government, and that is to say to bring about everything that the revolution in february last year stands for. >> we have to leave it there. thank you very much both for your analysis. german chancellor angela merkel played a pivotal role in brokering this latest cease-fire in eastern ukraine. what does the escalating violence in the region mean for future diplomatic initiatives? for more, we're joined by terry martin in our parliamentary studios. tell us about chancellor merkel and germany and its strategy in
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all of this. >> despite the continued fighting in eastern ukraine germany is not giving up on its initiative in the region. germany knowledge is that -- germany acknowledges that the cease-fire is under strain. a government spokesman said today that the separatist offensive was a massive violation of the cease-fire, but germany says even though the cease-fire may be damaged, it is not dead. chancellor merkel is clearly holding out hope that something can be salvaged run this he's fire. chancellor merkel costs spokesman asked if germany is ready to see weapons being sent to ukraine and the german government says it is not ready to change its position. >> the other positive is that all sides are set to talk, as i mentioned before. what is expected out of those talks? >> expectations of those talks
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are very low. very little is being said about the prospect of a telephone conference that is supposed to happen this evening. the german government at its press conference today did not even want to confirm that such a conference was scheduled. needless to say, expectations are low. when the minsk to accord was agreed, chancellor merkel described it as simply a glimmer of hope. given what has happened in the last couple of days, that glimmer is looking dimmer and dimmer. there's clearly very little that is expected of any peace initiative, even in berlin, at this point. >> ok, and aiming glimmer of hope -- ok, dimming glimmer of hope. thank you for your perspective. >> let's get more from washington d.c., on this. what instruments does washington have at its disposal? diplomacy seems to have played into putin's hands, so are we likely to see more diplomacy or
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weapons? >> the threat of further sanctions proves the debate has been raging here in washington, but for now, the u.s. is like berlin saying not so fast. the state department giving a briefing just today saying that they are still committed to seeing a full implementation of the minsk agreement, not ready to abandon it yet. mixing criticism of the breaches allegedly by russia with some positive observations saying there are signs of heavy weapons being moved out of some areas and some signs violence may be dipping in some areas. there he much a wait and see mode, not talking at this point about taking the next step and abandoning the minsk agreement not least because if the u.s. did say it was giving up hope that would be seen as a fateful step likely to lead to some kind of escalation, including a return to that debate over
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supplying arms. >> more wait and see. thank you very much. the nigerian military says it has killed more than 300 boko haram fighters in air strikes in recent days. >> islamist militants from the group have attacked cities in northeastern nigeria in an effort to prevent presidential and parliamentary elections getchell for late march. more than 13,000 people have in killed by boko haram attacks over the past six years. well, to our other big story and we need more time and less austerity -- that's the message we expect to hear from athens tomorrow. >> the greek government now says it will ask you creditors for an extension of the loans keeping the state afloat but there is still very little common ground between greece and its partners on just how that bailout money should actually be spent. >> that uncertainty is having wide reaching effect. >> greece's immediate future is
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at stake in frankfurt where the eu's meeting to assess finances. liquidity is a key issue. greeks are withdrawing around 2 billion euros a week. some banks may go broke and a greek exit from the eurozone cannot be ruled out. >> in the end, the decision has to be a political decision. it is not up to monetary policy to decide on if greece should stay within the eurozone or if they should exit. >> ecb rules say only healthy banks can get emergency aid, but the central bank recently curtailed its financing for greek banks, putting them in a tight spot. the greek had minister's government wants an extension of its current loan package. but the big question is if athens will stick to the reforms required in that package. eu lenders say it has to in order to keep getting loans.
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>> we are at a critical and sensitive point in the negotiations. we are submitting proposals, and i hope we will pass this bend which will give us the possibility to move forward. >> eu finance ministers have said greece must make a petition for more loans by friday. sources say athens will submit its petition by thursday. its current rail out funding is set to run out at midnight on february 28 -- its current bailout funding. >> observers in europe say the new greek leaders have no intention of keeping promises made to creditors in the first place. this is what our correspondent in athens has to say about that. >> what is being presented here is simply that the time has come effectively for an end to austerity and that greeks are now in the nation has altogether has come down to its knees and simply cannot bear any additional austerity, so they
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are trying to treat -- tweak a lot of these reforms, a lot of this bailout package to find some sort of middleground solution where they can pursue and progress with rep arms but not with the additional butter -- budget cuts that greeks have had to enter that has sent unemployment skyrocketing to 27% . one in three businesses have gone bust, and six in 10 young greeks are out of a job going abroad in seek of a better future. that, they say leaves the nation crippled, paralyzed, and they cannot take any further austerity, so some middle ground, someone has to give here and they want both sides to blink together. not the greeks, not the germans predominately alone. >> swiss prosecutors have rated the geneva officers of global investment bank of hsbc. the bank is alleged to have helped wealthy clients dodge
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billions in taxes. >> the rates were part of an inquiry, which could end up targeting high-profile individuals inspected of money laundering. reports last week alleged that hsbc helps customers around the world hide money from tax authorities. the bank has admitted to making mistakes and apologized to investors. ok, let's take a look at wednesday's market numbers. kicking things off in frankfurt where the dax enjoyed a bit of a rally. things are calming down on the fringes of what is going on with the greek economic crisis. the dax finishing at 10,961 points -- record territory. euro stoxx 50 at 3465. across the atlantic on wall street, the dow edging slightly lower at this hour but dill above the 8000-point level. on currency markets, the euro trading lower against the greenback trading at a value of $1.1 393. happy new year moon watchers.
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it is a lunar new year periods they tuned for that. -- it's a lunar new year. stay tuned for that.
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>> crowds of mourners have gathered in the danish capital copenhagen for the funeral of a jewish man killed in shooting attacks over the weekend. >> hundreds of evil gathered at a jewish cemetery for the burial. the 37-year-old volunteer security guard was killed in the second of copenhagen's two weekend shootings. >> heavy security at the funeral of a man killed outside copenhagen's main synagogue early on sunday. that shooting and another earlier at a recent beach event -- free speech event have raised questions over security in the normally peas all scandinavian country and if more could have
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been done to prevent the violence. copenhagen's jewish community has demanded more protection. >> i feel it is an attack on me, even though i was not there. >> are you afraid? >> a little. i have to be. i think copenhagen is not so safe anymore. >> it's weird to see this happening around here. it's a little saddening. this was my refuge. a peaceful place. >> i think it will mean i have to be careful and i think much about my grandchildren. >> many jews here say they are more cautious when going out in public. the attacks have changed jewish life in copenhagen, at least for now. >> this building behind me is home to a local jewish community radio station here in copenhagen. usually, they broadcast every
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day, but for now all the shows have been canceled because police say the risk of another attack at the moment is simply too great. >> many jews believe the threat against them does not come from society in general, but instead from radicalized individuals. >> we do not have any anti-semitism in a traditional way. what we have had is hate crimes related to the middle east conflict but this, what we have seen here is like, i hope, a few extremist that are radical extremists. and then, we have seen a pattern that they get hold of weapons -- they manage to get hold of weapons, and in cold blood attack jewish institutions, and that is a new pattern. >> the rest of denmark is also morning. the pile of flowers has grown outside the synagogue. for many, it is an important
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sign of solidarity with the country's jewish community. >> that shooting at the copenhagen synagogue came just weeks after paris attacks by islamist gunmen on the charlie hebdo satirical weekly and a jewish supermarket. >> as a result of those incidents in which 13 people were killed, one man decided to find out about anti-semitism in paris for himself. he put on a jewish skull cap took to the streets of the french capital to film people's reactions with some quite shocking results. he was occasionally sworn at and even spat at during his walk. the video -- 10 hours of walking in paris as a jew -- has gone viral on the internet. >> amazing stuff. >> some nice things were said as a. we only have 90 seconds. >> there were some nice things in that 10-hour stretch. >> police in copenhagen suspected gunman who spent time in prison, turned to radical islam while he was behind bars.
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>> it's a disturbing trend that more and more prison chaplains across europe are coming or would with and sharing with the public. prisons may be the best breeding ground for radical islam in all of europe. >> men going into prison as convicted criminals, doing time and coming out as jihadists ready to kill. we have this report them rants. >> at this paris mosque, one of the faces of the muslim communities fight against extremism is waiting to meet this man -- a prison chaplain. he spent six years locked up in a french prison. from the very first day, he witnessed violent scenes like this, secretly filmed by one of the inmates. >> i constantly felt in danger. in some cells, i slept holding a fork to defend myself, not just against other prisoners, but against the guards, too. >> he sought refuge with a group of muslim prisoners.
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>> i had a feeling of belonging. i felt look after, even loved. i felt i had brothers around me, that i was protected and safe. >> but that feeling disappeared when he had a conversation with his new imam. >> the imam came to see me and had a look on his face that was darker than ever. he said, "listen to me. you are now a real muslim, and being a muslim, your mission will be to defend islam by killing the unbelievers across the world wherever you find them. when you leave prison, get in touch with this person so you can train to do jihad. >> he explains that he rejected the imam's instructions, but some prisoners do not. as the attacks in paris at the beginning of january demonstrated. 17 people died at the hands of three gunmen, two of whom had
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become radicalized in prison. back at the mosque, this prison chaplain says he often speaks to inmates and encourages them to lead peaceful lives, but he feels that support from the government is lacking. >> there are only 180 muslim chaplains for around 40,000 muslim prisoners. i cannot say that the french state is helping. the prime minister has announced another 60 additional chaplains will be taken on, but that is still not enough. >> he says he does not have enough time to look after all the muslim prisoners. >> the fight against extremism is a battle one must win. we the chaplains are limited to 2:00 p.m. until 3:35 p.m. i'm limited to 23 prisoners. >> he is determined not to be discouraged, especially after
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the terror attacks. the former inmate now also offers advice and support to muslim prisoners to convince them that terrorism has nothing to do with islam. >> washington has refused a german request for an unredacted version of the cia torture report released in december. >> the information comes from a letter from the german justice ministry to a chair of the parliaments justice committee. the german attorney general was asked about his efforts to get a complete copy of the report. >> the opposition is no repeating its calls to the government to be less timid in its response to the u.s. >> the german citizen was objected in macedonia and tortured by the cia as a terror suspect in early 2004. by late spring, he was ruled innocent and released. the cia torture report outlines his case but blacks out agent names and interrogation sites.
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the chair of the german parliament justice committee says that is unacceptable. he wants the unedited report and charges brought against the u.s. agents. >> at the very least we need an investigation and arrest warrants. the perpetrators must know a cannot come here after torturing german citizens. they cannot enjoy a vacation here or come for work. >> at least two german citizens were interned in a great cia prisons. they were subjected to various forms of torture such as waterboarding. it's believed that cia aircraft also made stopovers in germany with abductees on board, but washington says it will not release the full report on cia detainee operations. the german justice ministry is weighing options. >> in due time, it will be considered what consequences should be drawn from the u.s. government's clear position on the matter. >> germany's opposition parties
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accuse berlin of being too timid towards washington. they say they want to keep the cia torture cases on parliaments agenda. >> to soccer now, and europe's champions league action continues this evening in a short while. much of the night, german side, schalke. >> tuesday, bayern munich failed to score in their match. >> people around the world have begun celebrating the lunar new year. >> according to chinese tradition, the year of the horse has drawn to a close in the year of the sheep has begun. for people in vietnam, the holiday has ushered in the year of the goat. >> the streets of hanoi's old town were filled with shoppers
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stocking up on new year's decorations bearing images of goats in the lucky colors of red and gold. the chinese call it the year of the sheep but in vietnam, it's a goat. the animals are seen as interchangeable in chinese culture. in hong kong, they were both noble and baser sentiments for the coming year. >> i wish everyone good health and to live and work in peace and happiness. maybe property prices can be lower so people can buy flats easier. >> speaking of commercial concerns one south korean cafe owner is cashing in on sheep fever this year with two lively animals for customers to pet. >> in israel, members of an amateur scuba diving club have stumbled upon a find most archaeologists would give anything for. they inadvertently discovered
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the largest haul of gold ever found off israel's mediterranean coast. >> the divers were exploring an ancient harbor when they spotted what they thought were toy coins. they soon realized they had made a major find. nearly 2000 gold coins dating back more than tense and trees. if they were toy coins, i think they would float. under israeli law, the treasure belongs to the state, and there is no finders reward. >> no way? not even a finders fee? >> not even a reward? >> just the same. -- just the fame. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit]
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>> december 26th 2004. there's a massive tsunami that


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